Friday, July 3, 2020

Case Interviews, Consulting and Business School

document.createElement('audio'); Play in new window | Download | EmbedSubscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Google Podcasts | Stitcher | TuneIn | SpotifyThis week, join us for a discussion about Haas, McCombs, consulting, and case interviews. Meet Erin Robinson, Destin Whitehurst, and Robin Ligon, the team behind Consulting Interview Coach.  [0:45] All three have extensive experience in consulting prior to starting their MBAs – Erin and Destin at Deloitte and Robin at McKinsey. And all three are currently first-year MBA students – Erin and Robin at Haas, and Destin at McCombs. Welcome! What is Consulting Interview Coach?  [1:30] It’s an interview training service to prepare candidates for the case interview method. They also provide behavioral interview prep, resume and cover letter review. All three coaches have experience as recruiters and consultants. How did they found this company?  [2:43] Destin and Erin started the company. They were thinking about ways to give back and help other candidates while also creating a venture during b-school. And they wanted something that would draw on their consulting skills. Robin joined the company this year – he had previously worked with candidates in Belgium. What are firms looking for?  [4:50] The case interview screens for intellectual horsepower and problem solving skills – there’s not always a right answer to the question. The other big point of the interview is identifying candidates’ cultural fit with the firm. Some of that also comes across in a behavioral interview or in networking events. (And it’s one reason why networking events are important – so that candidates can get a read on the firm’s culture and understand whether it’s a good fit.) Since â€Å"culture† can sound intangible, what are some ways to understand it?  [6:45] The firm’s work culture has to do with how consultants operate whether they take a more academic approach, more time doing research, etc, or spend more time in the field with the client, for example. Another aspect is the tone of the work interaction: competitive? Cooperative? Team-oriented? Networking events can help you get a feel for firm’s corporate culture. Their book: 20 Days to Ace the Case  [10:00] It’s a 20-day boot camp to prep for the case interview. (It also contains advice about consulting in general.) The book features industry insights, firm profiles, etc. It provides a structure for candidates. Their preparation strategy focuses on critical thinking, not memorization – the goal is to fit the framework to the case, not the case to the framework. They also provide profiles of successful candidates, networking tips, behavioral interview tips, etc. Does the book give cultural insight on firms?  [13:25] It lets consultants speak about their experiences. But networking is really the best way to learn a firm’s culture.   Robin and Erin are first years at Haas. What’s going well and has met/exceeded expectations?  [14:22] Robin: The professors are really accessible, the classmates are great, and the location is ideal. Erin: The way the classes are taught (discussion more than lecture) allows for exciting exchange of perspectives. And the class is diverse. Anything they would change/improve?  [17:30] Erin: Because Berkeley’s a public university, it can be a little resource constrained. Robin: There can be some extra challenges for international students. Destin is a first-year student at McCombs. What’s going well and has met/exceeded expectations?  [19:00] There are great opportunities for experiential learning. Austin is a start-up hub, and there’s great support from professors and the community for entrepreneurs. Anything he would change/improve?  [20:40] He wishes the school would try to brand itself as an entrepreneurial school. Any surprises in b-school so far?  [21:40] Robin:  The small size of the program at Haas makes it intimate and integrated. The profs are really approachable – it’s a great opportunity to have drinks/dinner with top scholars. Destin:  Working in consulting, the long hours didn’t allow me to spend time on personal interests. So having time to explore opportunities is exciting. Erin: Adapting to change is never easy – moving to a new part of the country and adapting to a new place and lifestyle is a process. Any unique challenges for international MBAs?  [24:40] Robin: UC Berkeley has a great international office, providing help with visas, etc. But coming to the US as an international student is a long administrative process. And finding an internship without a green card is a little challenging, since many companies prefer candidates who have permanent residency. Pre-MBA, Erin spent 4 months at Bodhi Surf School in Costa Rica, surfing and doing yoga.  [26:40] She knew she wanted a break from consulting, pre-grad school, and this was the lifestyle change she’d been looking for. The experience taught her about personally taking risks. Destin went as well. Common pop culture misconceptions about consulting?  [30:30] 1. The glamorous lifestyle. Most consultants aren’t living it up in luxury hotels on the beach. 2. The theme of tricking clients into paying more. In fact, the process is about solving problems together with the client. What mistakes do candidates make during recruiting?  [32:20] Robin: Not being humble enough or friendly enough. Remember that the recruiters are looking for people they want to work with, not just the smartest people. Erin: Not laying groundwork. The networking you do before the interview is important – building advocates in the firm. Destin: Many candidates are afraid to practice live interviews. Doing mock interviews is vital – it helps you be more relaxed and natural. Advice for MBA applicants  [36:45] Erin: Self-reflection. You need to know exactly what you want to get out of the MBA process. Destin: Give the application process everything you have. Prepare for the GMAT/GRE and get the best score you can; research schools. Put yourself in the best position for success. Future plans post-MBA  [39:35] Robin: Plans to return to McKinsey Destin: Hopes to pursue entrepreneurship but may return to consulting Erin: Plans to return to consulting but in a new area: social impact. Also concerned with women’s leadership and wants to continue working on that. Relevant Links: †¢Ã‚  Consulting Interview Services †¢ The Case Interview: 20 Days to Ace the Case †¢ What’s it Really Like for Women in Consulting? †¢ Is ‘House of Lies’ an accurate portrayal of management consulting? †¢Ã‚  Business School Interviews   Resource Page †¢ MBA Interview Prep   Free Guide †¢ Consulting at Top MBA Programs †¢ Consultants, Heres a Guide Written Specifically for You! Related  Shows: †¢Ã‚  The Lauder Institute Changes to Reflect the World †¢Ã‚  The Schwarzman Scholars Program: Leaders of the Future Unite †¢Ã‚  An HBS Student Helping HBS Applicants †¢Ã‚  What’s Important In MBA Admissions? With Rotman’s Niki da Silva †¢Ã‚  Linda Abraham’s Admissions Assortment †¢Ã‚  How to Become a Management Consultant Subscribe: hbspt.cta.load(58291, '2c54cb38-f6f1-47ed-a68e-23b9e8d595fb', {});

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Evolution Can Be Scary, Important And Intimidating

Converse over Evolution BIO 4984-001, Dr. Liu Jacob Garver The topic of evolution can be scary, important and intimidating. This was definitely the case for me, as I interviewed my grandmother. When discussing who I intended on interviewing, I immediately thought of my grandma. I wanted to hear her thoughts on the subject as well as her misconceptions. By having a great pre-existing and open relationship, I knew I could count on her for an unbiased and â€Å"real† conversation. My 65 year old grandma grew up in a religious and devout Christian family with a history of conservative beliefs. She has been in the insurance business for over thirty years and has tremendous experience talking with farmers regarding crop/farm insurance. She often†¦show more content†¦To my surprise, she stated that evolution contradicted religion and that one could not be a Christian and also believe in evolution. After hearing her entire opinion, I began my rebuttal. I stated that evolution, in easy terms, described a change in an anim al/plant over a long period of time. I also wanted to clear up the misconception regarding the ape to human evolution. I stated that humans and apes merely share a common ancestor, but did NOT evolve into one another. Knowing that religion is a large part of her life, I also wanted to touch on the God/evolution controversy. I began by stating that evolution is not a means to prove an origin of life, but a change of an organism over time. This surprised her! This statement caused her to rethink everything she had already told me. I told her that religion, specifically Christianity, would say that organisms were created as is and that no change occurs. Evolution, however, is defined by a slow/progressive change in an organism over time. From here, I moved onto the second topic. This topic encompassed the evidences of evolution. I was extremely interested in hearing her account of this topic! By merely proposing the question about evidences of evolution, I could tell she was puzzled. M y grandma admitted that she had absolutely no previous knowledge of this topic. Ironically, we had just previously discussed a certain bird while drinking coffee earlier that morning while on vacation in

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

What´s is True Peace Essay - 1008 Words

The definition of peace means being free from disturbance. From a biblical perspective, the absence of conflict is only the beginning of peace. True peace includes personal wholeness, righteousness, political justice, and prosperity for all creation. That’s the way God intended things to be when he created his garden, his paradise. â€Å"Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives.† (John 14:27) The word â€Å"Islam† literally means â€Å"peace† as well as â€Å"submission.† The word â€Å"Islam,† therefore, helps define peace and how it is attained. The Islamic perspective is as well about peace and knowledge and true Muslims are peace-loving people. Peace is promoted as Allah (S.W.T) says in the Quran God does not†¦show more content†¦The word Islam means surrender or submission, submission to the will of Allah, the one God. Being a Muslim requires wilful submission and active obedienc e to God and living in accordance with His message and that can be translated into following the Qur’an and the hadith. The Quran and the hadith are the two texts which are the fundamental text for all Muslims as it is believed to contain the revelation of Allah, and the teachings of the ‘sunnah’ which is the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) complete and unaltered as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Peace is achieved through submission to Allah and this is reinforced through the principal teachings of Islam and the 5 pillars of Islam. Principal teachings in Christianity and Islam teach adherents to be kind, loving and peaceful towards each other. Key teachings such as loving each other is an important aspect as it was one of Jesus’ teaching as it says in the bible â€Å"A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.† This shows that Peace is a foundational element of the Christian communities. In Islam principal teachings tell Muslims the things they can do which are Halal and the things that are forbidden which is Haram. Peace is integrated as Allah) S.W.T) tells Muslims that â€Å"And the case of thoseShow MoreRelated The Political Legacy of President John F. Kennedy Essay examples1626 Words   |  7 Pagesidealism, echoes in today?s political atmosphere. In total, the latter argument is actually stronger. Although JFK does lack substantial legislation that would bolster a claim to a significant political legacy, in other ways John F. Kennedy has such an intense political legacy that to this very day the Presidency of the United States cannot escape it. In respect to truly monumental legislation, John F. Kennedy does lack and therefore the people who say he does not have a true political legacy haveRead MoreEssay Insecurity as a Root of Tyranny1290 Words   |  6 PagesInsecurity as a Root of Tyranny â€Å"Everyday Use,† by the acclaimed author Alice Walker, is a thematic and symbolic adaptation of the author’s life and the lifestyle of the African-American population during the 1960’s. Reviewing Alice Walker’s life and the 1960’s provides the necessary background to understand the character development of this story. Walker was born in 1944, the daughter of poor southern sharecroppers in Georgia. The history of the Walker family predates slavery; therefore,Read More1984 Critical Analysis1134 Words   |  5 Pagesthis society keep their emotions non-noticeable because if they go against what the inner circle is teaching than that person would work manually labor for the rest of their life. In the story a party known as the inner circle uses a few slogans and sayings to control everything. The inner circle uses all that they say to brainwash people into believing what they are saying is true. The inner party s slogans are â€Å"War is peac e, Freedom is Slavery, and Ignorance is strength† By using these phrases oneRead MoreFeminism And The Peace Movement1465 Words   |  6 PagesFeminism and the Peace Movement (1910-1990) The idea of â€Å"Feminism† is seen in the eyes of many as â€Å"women who want to be more masculine† whenever its true meaning is just women who want equality and the same respect and opportunities that men have. This belief has been built up over time through many different perspectives which is why it had turned into the negative idea of what it is. This idea of â€Å"Feminism† affected the social hierarchy and system where people were categorized based upon theirRead MoreThe Poems Of The Poem, Hymn Of Intellectual Beauty, By Percy Shelley1272 Words   |  6 Pages#1 The poems â€Å"Hymn to Intellectual Beauty† by Percy Shelley and â€Å"Ode to A Nightingale† by John Keats both discuss the topics of escaping reality and true beauty using visions of nature to express their views. Shelley, a well known atheist, finds religion in, what he calls, â€Å"spirit of beauty†. Once he makes this discovery, he is able to find a true understanding of the world around him. Keats lives his life in a state of depression, depending on the effects of alcohol to sooth his emotional painRead MoreIn This Essay, I Am Going To Challenge The Meaning Of Religion1276 Words   |  6 Pagesquestions often asked. Is violence in the world due to religion and non-religious people? People often argue that violence from others is because they are not religious. Instead of concluding that violence and religion are indeed related, what can we do to promote peace and find ways to make things right in the world we live in. People often use religion to comfort themselves during hard times or when good things happen in their lives. Religion is described as a cultural system of beliefs, behaviorsRead MoreRalph Waldo Emerson’S Unifying Theme Throughout His Essay,998 Words   |  4 PagesEmerson supports this claim with the statement â€Å"Nothing can bring you peace but yourself. Nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of a principal.† Self-reliance is the triumph of a principal. Society as a whole is anything but self-reliant, we are followers rather than creators and original thinkers. Once an individual is self-reliant on their own powers and resources, rather than those of others, can that person have true â€Å"peace†. Emerson explains why society has a problem with becoming self-reliantRead More African American Culture Essay668 Words   |  3 Pages Peace It seems quite safe to assume that all human beings desire peace. What is not always very clear is what each person means by peace and how it can be attained and maintained. Religion and peace in an African culture have been almost natural companions in the minds of humans in different periods of history and in different cultures of the world. This is because, although far too many adherents and leaders of the different religions in the world have disrupted the peace in the societyRead MoreWhy Mindfulness Meditation Gaining So Much Popularity Essay900 Words   |  4 Pageslearn how to meditate properly. With all the different forms of meditation and books on the market, it s almost impossible for the beginner to figure out where to start. In this article, we re going to look at why mindfulness meditation has become so popular in recent years. This will help you understand why it s so effective in helping practitioners find true happiness and inner peace. What Exactly is Mindfulness Meditation? Mindfulness meditation is a secular form of meditation that has itsRead MoreThe And Of A Commonwealth Essay1517 Words   |  7 Pagesfrom websites are not always correct but the information taken from web sources are written in the paper by further research on every point. Results of Research: The idea of documenting a commonwealth is to rescue the state of nature and to bring peace and prosperity and the common defense of the people; the sovereign is responsible for ensuring this defense. The sovereign may be an individual or a group of people, but Hobbes always refers the sovereign as he. The power given to the sovereign permits

Friday, May 15, 2020

Confirmation Letter Example - 848 Words

Poconos, PA Dear Mrs jenkins, Thank you for choosing Great Wolf Lodge. Weve got tons of fun (and gallons of water) in store for your whole family. If you need to update your information or make any changes to your reservation, please call us at 800.768.WOLF(9653). For security purposes, we will require the last four digits of the credit card used to make the reservation. We look forward to your stay. GUEST PROFILE Name: Email STAY ITINERARY Great Wolf Lodge Confirmation ID # is: 1775729959 Check in: 01-13-12* Check out: 01-14-12* # Nights: 1 Suite Type: Family Suite w/ Balcony/Patio # of Adults: 2 # of Children: 2 Rate, Taxes Fees: $ 207.36 Deposit Amount: $ Remaining Balance: $ 207.36 *Check in time begins at 4 pm or as the†¦show more content†¦If you call back and change your arrival date or length of stay, your rate for each date is not guaranteed and may increase with any changes. If you need to cancel your reservation within 72 hours of arrival, we will allow you to change your reservation ONCE to another date without penalty; however, again the room rate may change because it is based upon your arrival date and length of stay. Any additional changes to your reservation or choosing not to arrive on the new scheduled date will result in a complete forfeiture of your deposit. Cancellation Policy All guests have up to 72 hours prior to arrival to cancel minus a $25.00 processing fee that will be deducted from all deposits prior to refund. A forfeiture of one nights deposit will be required if the reservation is changed or cancelled within 72 hours of arrival. Choosing not to arrive on the scheduled date will result in a full forfeiture of your deposit. Have a Question? No problem. Click Here for answers to frequently asked questions about your visit to Great Wolf Lodge,Show MoreRelatedAudit Letter of Inquiry to Client Lawyer1269 Words   |  6 Pagesrepresented on the financial statements. Section 337 accomplishes this by using a number of practices to guide the auditor. A detail of the accounting standards and explanations of the techniques in field work are the basis. These are supported by examples of letters amp; correspondences that an auditor can use, key interpretations of difficult passages, and corresponding passages from other professional associations that the auditor will encounter when trying to assure such contingencies. The documentRead MoreAccounting Manual On Date Of Shipment And Make Inquiry About Accountants1740 Words   |  7 Pagesoverdue accounts with audit procedures (confirmation, determine existence of debtor in directories, etc.) 7.63 Confirmation of Trade Accounts Receivable a. Auditing standards presume that auditors will request confirmation of the client’s accounts receivable. An auditor can justify omitting these confirmations if: (1) The accounts receivable are immaterial to the financial statements. (2) The expected response rates to properly designed confirmation requests will be inadequate, or responsesRead MoreSales Process Level 2 : Customer Profile Acquisition1149 Words   |  5 Pagesproduct after site visit or cold call, an email of interest agreement should be sent to the client. The email should contain an overview of the product and request for commitment from the client. The client is then expected to return the letter with a confirmation or of commitment. If the client rejects, then inquiry should be done to find out possible reasons of showing interest and yet refusing commitment. Obtain Customer’s Requirements To get the customer’s requirement, the sales team shouldRead MoreEssay on Prisoners of Silence915 Words   |  4 Pagesunderstanding of what autism is and how to approach those persons afflicted. Through a technique called facilitated language many autistic children were seemingly freed from the inability to communicate. Many were able to speak freely through a letter keypad with the help of a facilitator or guide. There are stories upon stories of success - of students, teachers, families, etc. But the success couldnt last. Things truly were too good to be true. As we saw, red flags were being thrown upRead MorePreliminary Bias And The Wason 2-4-6 Paradigm1221 Words   |  5 PagesIn this experiment, we will investigate whether previous participation in a confirmation bias experiment plus full knowledge of confirmation bias and the Wason 2-4-6 paradigm will lead to a higher initial success rate with future testing. A confirmation bias usually occurs when participants are trying to confirm their beliefs during an experiment. During these experiments, participants results varied between confirmatory and disconfirmatory. The Tukey HSD that was performed for the experiments showedRead MoreEssay on Balance Sheet and Relatively Reliable Documentation1198 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Chapter 7 # 30 a. Give three examples of relatively reliable documentation and three examples of less reliable documentation. What characteristics distinguish the two? Examples of relatively reliable documentation are: vendor statements, bank statements. And signed lease agreements. Examples of relatively unreliable documentation are: copies of customer invoices, internal memoranda and other communications, and a listing of fixed asset additions. The difference between the two is whether theyRead MoreDog Food1233 Words   |  5 Pagesterms of the engagement should exist between Smackey Dog Food and the CPA firm. In this case, the engagement letter probably includes an agreement to provide auditing service. (4) The firm select one audit manager, Pete, and two audit staffs, Ben and Maureen out to the client. Q3: Discuss the 4 stages of the audit and the major activities performed by the auditor in each phase. Give an example of how each of these specifically applies to the Smackey Dog Food, Inc audit. For instance, examine theRead MoreWith reference to your own ( or other identified) HR role, outline how an HR Practitioner should ensure the services they provide are timely and effective. You should enclude:774 Words   |  4 Pagesor update employees queries, deal with the sickness line and fit notes and maintain employee records. At present we are recruiting between 200 - 250 people who are at several different stages of the process. Understanding customer needs (include examples of 3 different customers and 1 need for each, and explain how would you priotise conflicting needs) We entertain a wide variety of customers within our HR department, the 3 key users that we deal with are the external and internal candidates, employeesRead MoreEssay on Confirmation in the Catholic Church1646 Words   |  7 PagesConfirmation in the Catholic Church Confirmation is a Catholic sacrament of mature Christian commitment and a deepening of baptismal gifts. Like Baptism and Eucharist, it is a Sacrament of Initiation for Catholics and a Sacrament of faith in Gods fidelity to us Confirmation is the moment when two things are confirmed. The candidate confirms his/her faith in Christ and takes full responsibility for thatRead MorePrototype an Advantage or Disadvantage?823 Words   |  4 Pagesparticular ethnic group we tend to categorize the whole ethnic group to that prototype; although, it might not be a true fact. For example, after the 9’11 incident, people started fearing all Muslims and had the concept of terrorist and the best prototype that matched the concept â€Å"terrorist† was Muslim. In this paper I will cover three terms; Prototypes, confirmation bias, and belief perseverance. Depending on the situation, prototypes can be used as an advantage or disadvantage. The advantage

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Improving Quality And Standards Of Health Services

A recent study, by Baur, Fehr, Mayer, Pawlu Schaudel (2011) concluded that the growing demand in health sector, resulted in rapid change in patients’ expectations. As a result, meeting patients’ expectations, while maintaining standards and quality of healthcare service has been the crucial part in health sector. However, maintaining the service standards does not only refer to increasing the number of health professionals. Providing optimal care service to the patient, also contributes hugely in improving quality and standards of health service. Taking this thing in consideration, in 1994, continuing medical education (CME) programme was launched and it gradually broadened to cover professional education. Hence, in 2000, CME programme†¦show more content†¦The HCPC, also expects all the health registered professionals to undertake CPD programme and comply to their five standards of CPD, to remain registered with them and for fitness to practise. If, under any circumstances, the health professionals fail to meet the standards of CPD, they may ask to remove their registration from the register (HCPC, 2014). However, as mentioned by the Society and College of Radiographers (2014, a), the importance of undertaking CPD is not just about maintaining registration with the regulatory body. CPD ensures that the knowledge and skill of health professionals are up-to-date and relevant, it ensures continue competence and monitors personal and professional effectiveness (Giri et al., 2012). In a journal, by Shlom (2014), she stated, â€Å"The CPD model is cyclical and involves 4 phases: reflect, plan, learn, and evaluate.† Monitoring and recording activities, undertaken by health professionals as a part of CPD, serves as a tool for reflection and self-evaluation. It allows them to reflect on their learning/actions and identify their weakness and strength. It also gives them chance to evaluate the outcomes of their activities, learn from their mistakes/success and plan for the future from their experiences. Furthermore, by following

The White Slave Trade By Emma Goldman - 1021 Words

One of Comstock’s targets was Emma Goldman, whom he unsuccessfully tried to have imprisoned for her unconventional writings about â€Å"the white slave trade.† Indeed, Goldman was one of the few public figures who challenged the assertions in the newspapers at that time surrounding the white slave panic. She was truly prophetic when she described that movement as a â€Å"toy† that â€Å"serves to amuse the people for a little while, and it will help to create a few more fat political jobs--parasites who stalk about the world as inspectors, investigators, detectives, and so forth.† Goldman rejected the ideals of Progressive Era abolitionists. She insisted, â€Å"To the moralist prostitution does not consist so much in the fact that the woman sells her body, but rather that she sells it out of wedlock.† Contrarily, Maude Miner Hadden, wished for prostitutes to be sent to reform schools or institutions for the feebleminded during the Progressive Era. Hadden said, â€Å"These girls have not been, except in rare instances, physically enslaved; but through the loss of freedom and of action, they have been bound to prostitution. Their demoralization of character has constituted moral enslavement.† Goldman was, instead, more concerned about society’s indifference to the main cause of prostitution -- economic and social conditions. As a side note, Goldman tried to once work as a prostitute to help raise money for her fellow anarchist and partner, Alexander Berkman. He was well-known for shooting one of

Swing Jazz free essay sample

Swing Jazz Essay Introduction Swing Jazz. Does swing equal jazz? Is swing the same as big band music? Is swing exclusively dance music? Is there any such thing as pure swing? Benny Goodman, a famous American Jazz musician, clarinetist, and known as the King of Swing once said that swing music remains something you take 5,000 words to explain then leaves you wondering what It Is. (Opener and Morris 1-10) There are so many genres and submerges of music and more specifically Jazz that one could never fully explain how each came to be.However, many involved with the new and old eras of wing Jazz are intrigued by the bewilderment it causes musicians and dancers alike. In order to better understand Swing Jazz Music as a whole, I set out to research its deflation, history, greats, relationship to swing dancing and the swing revival. Definition of Swing When asked What is swing? Louis Armstrong once said, If you dont know, dont mess with it. (Opener and Morris 7) In short, swing music is a form of Jazz that developed in the sasss and matured through various different artists through until the late asss and early Cos, In which swing became the most popular musical style In America. The earliest use of the term swing was to describe the effect when all parts of a composition blended perfectly together. (Starr and Waterman 115) Defining swing music has proven to be confusing and challenging to both musician and fan. The word swing is derived from African American English.It was first used as a verb to describe the rocking and rhythmic momentum of the music. (Starr and Waterman 120) However, the term wasnt used as a noun until around 1935 (the start of the swing era) which Is when It became an excepted proper noun to describe the musical genre. There are three different uses to the word swing; the Swing Effect (as It relates to other genres and submerges of music), Swing Style (as it relates to the style of musical and the Swing Era (embraced by a mass audience as a musical genre 1935-1945).The Swing Effect Is better described as the description of how the type of music was played. For Instance, some ways bandleaders would get the music to swing would be to get front line musicians to play off each other which produced rhythmic harmony between them. This also happened through allowing the front line as a whole to lend their parts synchronously with underlying rhythm/harmonic forces of rhythm section and allowing for spontaneity among soloist and improvisation. It was ultimately the alterations made to classic Jazz that brought swing In to the view.The Swing Effect became Swing Style when big bands (Jazz orchestras as they were first describe quite bluntly, during the later sasss. The Swing Style was used to describe quite bluntly, the type of music, but not yet the genre. The Swing Era was the peak of the life of swing, lasting from approximately 1935 to 1945 as this genre of music was embraced by a mass audience in America. Through research, swing has been found to mean something different to everyone. Artier Shaw, bandleader, was found to say that swing music is not a verb it is an adjective it isnt a type of music, its a way of playing music. (Opener and Morris 7-8). Conversely, many argue that defining swing should begin with the movement that entertained America in the two greatest trials: Depression and WI. As more than just a musical concept, swing music even helped to pull the American music industry of the Great Depression. History of Swing Contrary to popular belief, swing music is not exclusive to Jazz and in its earliest form existed within folk styles and even African American spirituals. (Starr and Waterman 118) However the main roots of swing came from the birth of Jazz which was essentially African and European musical elements being put together.The birthplace of Jazz was New Orleans one of the few cities in America at that time that accepted African music. Jazz had two phases New Orleans and Chicago. Around 1922 there was a migration of musicians and generally blacks to the north in order to look for Jobs. This introduced Jazz to northern America and essentially brought Louis Armstrong to Chicago. The swing styles from New Orleans to Chicago changed in that the number of instruments increased, repertoire broadened to more popular song and dance pieces, and the tempo generally moved at a faster speed. What Jazz Has To Do With It) The politics of swing is believed to have brought America together through the hard times. Although the American society remained segregated along racial lines even as the country spent billions of dollars and thousands of lives fighting WI, swing music and big bands brought a youthful energy back to American music. The casual and cultural influence of swing music gave optimism to a nation rising from economic depression and WI. (Starr and Waterman 125) The Greats Both Black and White Relationships between black and white musicians and fans began to change throughout the swing era.Although black musicians still had difficulty getting equal airtime, times were progressing and even fans were racially mixed in the audiences at venues. Black dance bands still faced economic and social disadvantages, but overall the swing era represented a step forward in cultural communication across call boundaries. (Starr and Waterman 125) Benny Goodman was a dance band m usician during the depression years. He was a skilled Jazz improviser and a strict bandleader that insisted on perfect precision when it came to his musicians parts.He was said to have brought a kind of neatness, smoothness, and control without losing the swing feeling of the music. (Starr and Waterman 128) William Count Basis was a big band leader and Jazz pianist most related to the blues side of Jazz. Born in New Jersey and gaining his early experience as a bandleader in Kansas City (K. C. , Count Basis perfected his improvisational skills through competitive all-night Jam sessions called cutting session in K. C. These sessions gave a chance for musicians to test their musical skills and endurance against one another. Starr and Waterman 135) An important influence that Count Basis brought to K. C. As a piano player was the boogie-woozier blues rhythmic piano playing. It was a popular fad during the big-band era and an easy form of entertainment, especially in the southwest America where the walking bass of the left hand and the improvisational right hand had a powerful style to be heard over dowdy crowds. Another African American Jazz composer and musician was Duke Elongating, a pianist who formed his first dance band while attending high school.Elongating was known as an experimenter with musical forms, combining them in unusual ways and creating complex tones. (Starr and Waterman 135) He called his music American Music rather than Jazz. He also was very in touch with his band which in turn created amazing stability within the band that supported his experiments. He took pride in getting to know his individual players strengths and knees and often wrote parts or pieces for particular musicians such as Concerto for Cootie (Do Nothing Till You Hear From Me) for Cootie Williams (rhythm and blues trumpeter). Duke Elongating) As a Jazz musician, arranger, composer, and bandleader in the swing era, trombonist Glenn Miller was one of the best-selling recording artists from 1939 to 1942 and led one of the best known big bands. Famous recordings such as In The Mood, Tuxedo Junction, Moonlight Serenade, and Pennsylvania 6-500 were among chart-topping hits that changed the music industry forever. Perhaps best known for his numerous compositions, the distinct sound he developed into swing music used high-pitched instruments to carry the melody with an other instrument play thing the same thing an octave lower.Glenn Miller is said to be the most enduring figure of the swing era, with reissues of his recordings achieving gold record status 40 years after his death. (Glenn Miller Biography) Swing Music vs.. Swing Dancing Which came first, swing dance or swing music? The first public references to the Lindy Hop were in 1928 which was Just before the music started to change. Whether ay never be known for sure. As the swing of swing became more stable, dancers found themselves taking ideas from musicians and musicians from dancers.Frankie Manning, Savoy landholder, said that he would often catch ideas from the band while dancing and the drummer or soloists would catch his steps. (Vises, Hart, and Wholesalers) Collaborations like these would often reinforce the beat or add drum shots. In the same way, while dancers got into position for aerials or lifts, tempos would generally increase to allow an easier flight as there would be no beat behind it. The adrenaline and adaptation f both performers (musician and dancer) supported each other in an exhilarating experience that is called swing dancing.The different views on The Lindy Hop are whether it was a good thing and improved race relations or if it was a sellout to European-American culture. Some believe that the commercialism of Harlem catered to white tourism only. Swing music declined during and after World War II, at which time the odd rhythms of the Be-Bop presented themselves (this was not as easily danced to). As submerges of Jazz continued to develop, swing dance became widely known as Jitterbugging and as even present during the next phase of American music: Rock and Roll.Swing Revival Between the late sasss and early sasss came a renewed interested in swing, blues and dance music from the swing era of t he sasss and sasss. This new swing revival brings a contemporary rock or aka sound to the Jazz base of the music which is called retro swing (or neo-swing). Specific bands who experimented with the swing sound and began the retro-swing movement would be Royal Crown Revue and Big Bad Voodoo Daddy. Most revival bands based their sound on a modern rock and roll rhythm section and very small rags section (such as a trumpet, saxophone and trombone).The swing revival is based on the newest original style of swing music from the late sasss and early sasss that was known as the Jump blues. However the revival bands focus more on an arranged sweet style than the sasss improvisational hot style. Media has been heavily involved in the come back of swing in everything from films (Swing Kids, The Mask), movie soundtracks (Swingers) and even mainstream television commercials. Conclusion Music and dance that have been called Americas most important contributions to he world are being revived through our generation. We are owning our heritage And in the process we are also discovering that the real roots of swing are as fresh inspire artistic creation. (Opener and Morris 5) Swing music never went away; its something that you can hear and feel and even do. Johnny Copula, a famous trumpeter was once asked to define swing music. He said that each pulse of truly swinging music contains in it an open, Joyous space of possibility Just about any kind of music can swing a good marching band can swing. Bach played right can swing. (Opener and Morris 7)